bodu.com

教师博客

自留地

最新文章更多

正文 更多文章

零点起步,三个月学习《新概念英语》第二册的30课:Lesson 31 Success story 成功者的故事

零点起步,三个月学习《新概念英语》第二册的30课:Lesson 31 Success story 成功者的故事

 

友情提示:我们说的零点起步并不是指完全的零点,真的希望大家至少能够唱熟五首以上的英语歌曲以后再开始这里的学习。建议大家先读一读《唱熟二千单词,告别“哑巴英语”(建议从这里开始你的英语学习)》栏目里的文章。

 

下面是课文的内容,请大家先读一读:

Yesterday afternoon Frank Hawkins was telling me about his experiences as a young man. Before he retired, Frank was the head of a very large business company, but as a boy he used to work in a small shop. It was his job to repair bicycles and at that time he used to work fourteen hours a day. He saved money for years and in 1958 he bought a small workshop of his own. In his twenties Frank used to make spare parts for aeroplanes. 

 At that time he had two helpers. In a few years the small workshop had become a large factory which employed seven hundred and twenty-eight people. Frank smiled when he remembered his hard early years and the long road to success. He was still smiling when the door opened and his wife came in. She wanted him to repair their grandson's bicycle!  =======================================

 

下面请跟我们一起来分解分析一下(建议下载《21天免费精通新概念》软件,每天重点听其中的三、四句):

 

Yesterday afternoon Frank Hawkins was telling me about his experiences as a young man. 

昨天下午弗兰克·霍金斯向我讲述了他年轻时的经历。

 

his experiences as a young man他年轻时的经历

experience[iks5piEriEns]n.vt.经验, 体验, 经历, 阅历(ex+peri+ence

ex-表示“由...出来, 自”之义

peri表“冒险”

-ence名词后缀

联想记忆:

peril[5peril]n.危险

 

 

============================================

 

Before he retired, Frank was the head of a very large business company, but as a boy he used to work in a small shop. 

在退休前,弗兰克是一家非常大的商业公司的经理,但他小时候却在一家小铺里做工。  

Before he retired,

在退休前

Frank was the head of a very large business company,

弗兰克是一家非常大的商业公司的经理

 

a very large business company一家非常大的商业公司

 

but as a boy he used to work in a small shop. 

但他小时候却在一家小铺里做工。

used to do 曾经做

be used to doing 习惯于做某事(used to[5ju:s tE]惯常, 惯于)

=============================

It was his job to repair bicycles and at that time he used to work fourteen hours a day. 

他那时的工作是修理自行车,并且通常是一天工作14个小时。

 

It was his job to repair bicycles

他那时的工作是修理自行车,

It是形式主语,真正主语是不定式短语“to repair bicycles”,这个句子原来的形式是:To repair bicycles was his job.

 

 

and at that time he used to work fourteen hours a day. 

并且通常是一天工作14个小时。

at that time adv.在那时

to work fourteen hours a day一天工作14个小时

 

=======================================

He saved money for years and in 1958 he bought a small workshop of his own. 

他靠多年积蓄,于1958年买下了自己的一个小铺子。

 

bought[bC:t]vbl.buy的过去式和过去分词

请复习night, light, right, tight

 

a small workshop of his own自己的一个小铺子

================================

In his twenties Frank used to make spare parts for aeroplanes.  

20多岁的时候,弗兰克曾生产飞机零配件。 

 

spare parts for aeroplanes飞机零配件

spare part  n.备件

spare[spZE]vt.放过, 饶恕; 不杀vi.节省, 俭省,饶恕, 宽容adj.多余的, 剩下的; 空闲的

用的

第四册有一课题目叫:Spare that spider  不要伤害蜘蛛

请体会一个这里的spare是什么意思?

 

============================================

 

 At that time he had two helpers.   那时他有两个帮手。 

 

===============================

 In a few years the small workshop had become a large factory which employed seven hundred and twenty-eight people. 

几年之后,小铺子已经发展成了一个雇有728人的大工厂。 

 

had become已经发展成了

 

a large factory which employed seven hundred and twenty-eight people. 一个雇有728人的大工厂

其中的“which employed seven hundred and twenty-eight people”是一个定语从句,修饰名词factory

 

把它单独拿出来分析一下:


which employed seven hundred and twenty-eight people

 

employe[7emplCi5i:, im5plCii](=employee) n.雇工, 从业员

em-=en- en- 表示“使、使成为”之义

ploy表工作,

employ 雇用 + -ee 被…者(-ee是法语中的名词后缀)

 

======================================

 

Frank smiled when he remembered his hard early years and the long road to success. 

弗兰克回想着他早年的艰难经历和走过的漫长的成功之路,微笑了。

 

when he remembered his hard early years and the long road to success.  ”是一个状语从句。

 

when he remembered his hard early years and the long road to success.

 

his hard early years and the long road to success

他早年的艰难经历走过的漫长的成功之路

 

=============================

 He was still smiling when the door opened and his wife came in. 

 他正笑着的时候门开了,他的妻子走了进来。 

 

when the door opened and his wife came in

 

======================================

She wanted him to repair their grandson's bicycle

她叫他去修理孙子的自行车。

 

请大家通过这个句子了解一下什么叫宾补:

She主语 wanted谓语 him宾语 to repair their grandson's bicycle!(宾补) 

 

宾补:说明宾语状态或行为的部分,请注意这里说的是“谁”要去修理自行车,是不是宾语“him”?

 

 

分享到:

上一篇:中小学生玩单词——associati

下一篇:轻松阅读、玩单词:What is a

评论 (0条) 发表评论

抢沙发,第一个发表评论
验证码